PI Name: Nicole Novak, PhD
Project Title: Social and Structural Determinants of Latino Health and Health Behavior in Rural Iowa
Dept/College: Department of Community and Behavioral Health, College of Public Health, University of Iowa
Abstract: Acknowledging and understanding upstream influences on health and health behavior is important for effective intervention and prevention. A growing literature indicates that economic position, community integration, immigration policy and enforcement, and processes of racialization are important determinants of health and health behavior for immigrant and US-born Latinos, but there is little research on these dynamics in rural settings. This project will use oral histories, in-depth interviews and participant observation to build a richer understanding of the socio-structural determinants of health and health behavior for immigrant and US-born Latinos in Iowa. Findings from this project can inform the development of “structurally competent” interventions to help existing health and social services better meet the needs of Iowa’s Latino communities. It will also support the development of theoretical frameworks for future population health research on Latino health disparities in rural settings.